Braces installation is an effective procedure performed at a dental clinic, which will help to correct different malocclusions in adults and children. Orthodontic appliances are able to exert moderate pressure on teeth and move them gradually to their correct position. Dental corrective appliances are made of different materials. Up-to-date systems are hidden from view and can be installed either on the outer or the inner surface of the dental arch.
Braces are selected by the orthodontist after examining the clinical picture. The factors which are always considered are the diagnosis, the age of the patient, the required aesthetics and the predicted duration of treatment.
Braces can be made of different materials:
Braces can be classified according to their design:
- Ligature braces. The archway is fixed to the brackets by means of metal or elastic ligatures (rubber bands).
- Self-ligating braces. Brackets have clips that fix the the archwire.
Depending on the area of the oral cavity where they are installed, braces can be:
- Vestibular. They are attached to the outer side of teeth.
- Lingual. The system is fixed to the inner side of teeth and is hidden from view.
Braces have differences in terms of their teeth straightening capabilities, so it is up to the doctor to select the most suitable type of braces.
They help to correct complicated abnormalities. They consist of:
- An archwire, which puts pressure on the dental arch, moving teeth in a certain direction
- Ligatures, which fix the archwire to the brackets
One benefit of the appliance is its low cost compared to self-ligating systems. Another advantage is that it is highly effective and can correct complicated abnormalities of different kinds. The orthodontist can predict the outcome quite accurately. Due to the firm fixation of the appliance, it can put significant pressure on the dental arch.
Its drawback, however, is that more frequent visits to the orthodontist are required.
Ligature braces can be made of metal, sapphire or ceramic materials.
They do not use ligatures, as the archwire is fixed to the brackets by means of special clips built into the brackets.
The advantage is that they do not require frequent visits to the clinic to have the braces adjusted.
It is possible to create a smile line more clearly.
On the downside, self-ligating braces cost more and are not suitable for complicated cases.
Self-ligating braces can be metal or ceramic.
Corrective appliances of this type can be installed both in children and adults.
This orthodontic appliance is installed on the inner surface of teeth and is completely hidden from view. The patient can keep their treatment with the appliance unnoticeable for others, which is of importance to high-profile people. The price is higher because the system is custom made taking into account the anatomical features of the patient.
- Treatment efficiency. The appliance is fabricated to correct abnormalities of a specific patient.
- Safety. Its bioinert materials do not cause allergy.
- Completely unnoticeable.
Diction may be affected during the first two weeks after installing the appliance.
Lingual braces are not recommended for children and adults with gum diseases.
Before installing the appliance, the orthodontist will examine the oral cavity, study the clinical picture, perform diagnostics and draw up a treatment plan. The type of braces and their appearance are selected taking into account the patient’s preference, and then the price is set.
- Mechanical cleaning of enamel.
- Fixation of braces. Dental cement is applied to the bracket, which is fixed to each tooth separately. The cement is cured with an ultraviolet lamp.
- Attaching the archwire.
The procedure takes about one hour.
This process is completely painless.
Rules of care
To avoid complications, it is worth following these rules:
- Some painful sensations may appear when pressing on the teeth a few hours after the installation, so it is advised to eat soft food and take pain medication if necessary. This condition usually lasts for 3 days.
- Teeth cleaning: the orthodontist will explain the new rules for teeth cleaning, requiring special orthopaedic brushes, interdental brushes and dental floss.
- Rinse your mouth after a meal or clean the appliance and the teeth.
- Diet: avoid eating too hot or too cold dishes, hard or viscous food. Reduce the amount of food containing strong colour pigments.
How to get used to braces
The task of any corrective appliance is to exert permanent pressure on teeth and change their position. That is why braces can be a nuisance in the first few days of wearing them, as they put moderate pressure on your teeth.
If you there is a feeling of discomfort and the braces are rubbing against the inside of the cheek after they have been installed, this can be helped by isolating the brackets from the lips and the cheek using special orthodontic wax. Wax may no longer be needed after the adaptation period.
- Your teeth may start hurting 2-3 hours after installation. It signals the beginning of the bite correction process and there is no need to visit the clinic straight away.
- You can experience discomfort for 7-10 days.
Installing corrective appliances is not recommended until temporary contraindications are eliminated:
- Gum diseases.
- Enamel defects.
- Poor hygiene.
The doctor will prescribe treatment, after which they will schedule a date to install a bite correction appliance.
Fixed appliances cannot be used to correct dental arch abnormalities in the following cases:
- Bone tissue conditions in the decompensation stage.
- Mental disorders.
- Endocrine and immune disorders - HIV, severe autoimmune diseases, where the risk of tooth loss is high.
- Current maxillofacial oncology.
Axioma Dental Clinic would like to invite children and adults to a consultation, where you will learn how to obtain a superb smile and get rid of complicated bite abnormalities.
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